To make citation practices more consistent across source types and formats, our guide is now updated to reflect changes in the 8th Edition of the MLA Handbook. As a result, there are some small but important changes to the punctuation and formatting of Works Cited entries. The in-text citation guidelines are relatively unchanged.
For a summary of the changes, visit the MLA Website.
... (Pesciarelli 527).
Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Journal Title, Volume, Issue, Year, Pages.
Pesciarelli, Enzo. "Aspects of the Influence of Francis Hutcheson on Adam Smith." History of Political Economy, vol. 31, no. 3, 1999, pp. 525-45.
... (Butler 22).
Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Name of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, Pages. doi/URL.
Butler, Darrell L., and Martin Sellbom. "Barriers to Adopting Technology for Teaching and Learning." Educause Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 2, 2002, pp. 22-28. doi:10.1215/00183.
Smith, J. "Writing About Sports." Writing Matters, vol. 2, no. 2, 2006. doi:10.1214/1083.
When the narrator claims that "[w]e live, as we dream — alone" (Conrad 82), he affirms the impossibility of understanding…
Last Name, First Name. Title of Work. Publisher, Date.
Pennee, Donna Palmateer. Moral Metafiction: Counterdiscourse in the Novels of Timothy Findley. ECW Press, 1991.
... (Joyce 2388).
Last Name, First Name. "Title of Part." Title of Anthology, edited by Name, Edition, Volume, Publisher, Year, Pages of the part.
Joyce, James. "From Ulysses." The Norton Anthology of English Literature, edited by M. H. Abrams, 4th ed., vol. 2, W. W. Norton & Company, 1996, pp. 2374-413.
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