A semicolon is a punctuation mark (;) that allows writers to join separate but related ideas. Semicolons are considered stronger than commas (they can join complete sentences) but less final than periods.
Use a semicolon to separate independent clauses (complete sentences) that are closely related in meaning and are not joined by a coordinating conjunction.
Use a semicolon to separate independent clauses joined by conjunctive adverbs (such as however, therefore, moreover, nevertheless, then, thus).
Note: The semicolon remains between the two clauses, even when the conjunctive adverb is moved.
Use a semicolon to separate phrases or clauses in a series or list if the items are long or contain internal punctuation.
Remember to use a semicolon before the ﬁnal ‘and.’
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